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20.  National Reporting System for All Dangerous Pathogens Needed
After decades of reluctance to implement a national reporting system, when COVID-19 came along we witnessed almost overnight the formulation of case definitions and comprehensive national reporting from all healthcare facilities.  A dangerous pathogen is a dangerous pathogen; we should not discriminate on our approach to COVID-19. The nursing home reporting policies for COVID-19 need to be adopted systemwide for all dangerous pathogens and our infrastructure permanently enhanced.  One may think that enhancement is a forgone conclusion. But we did not learn these lessons from the 1918 Spanish flu or from the Ebola, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) or Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreaks. Six months or 6 years after this epidemic our resolve may wane. IPs need to document their experiences and keep telling their stories so our memories of this horrific ordeal do not fade.  Infection Control Today.  July 20, 2020.  https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/covid-19-experience-suggests-need-for-national-reporting-system-for-dangerous-pathogens  
    
19.  Viewpoint: Despite Happy Talk, We’re Far From Out of the COVID Woods
COVID-19 cases in many states have risen and the false narrative is that this is because of increased testing. But the rise in cases far outstrips the rise in testing... the young are not shielded from the viruses’ devastating effects. We need to take this pandemic seriously, the public needs to wear masks and practice social distancing. As stated by Avindra Nath, MD, the senior investigator at the Section of Infections of the Nervous System at National Institutes of Health: “It’s quite possible some will never get their health back." Infection Control Today.  June 22, 2020. 
https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/viewpoint-despite-happy-talk-we-re-far-from-out-of-the-covid-woods 

18.  COVID-19 Experience Suggests Need for National Reporting System for Dangerous Pathogens
It is of utmost importance to screen healthcare staff and patients for dangerous pathogens along with the establishment of a national tracking system. The nursing home reporting policies for COVID-19 need to be adopted system wide for all dangerous pathogens and our infrastructure permanently enhanced.  One may think that enhancement is a forgone conclusion. But we did not learn these lessons from the 1918 Spanish flu or from the Ebola, SARS or MERS outbreaks. Six months or six years after this epidemic our resolve may wane. IPs need to document their experiences and keep telling their stories so our memories of this horrific ordeal do not fade.  Infection Control Today.  June 8, 2020.
https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/covid-19-experience-suggests-need-national-reporting-system-dangerous-pathogens     
 
17.  Reopening After COVID-19 Needs to be Done Carefully
Kevin Kavanagh, MD, the board chairman of the patient advocacy group Health Watch USAsm, talks to Infection Control Today about the perils of reopening too quickly and the value of cloth masks. "What worries me the most about reopening is that people are going to say, 'Oh, it's over with' and not do any sort of protection, whether it's social distancing, wearing masks, not gathering in crowds. I really think that people will think, 'Well, we got this beat.'"  Infection Control Today.  May 28, 2020.
https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/qa-reopening-after-covid-19-proceed-caution   
 
16.  Why the Public Should Wear Masks During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Initially, the public was advised not to wear masks. However, this was before the importance of asymptomatic transmission was known. Recent studies have also underscored the growing importance of person-to-person transmission through the air. Guidance changed. It is now recommended for the public to wear cotton masks. This guidance is not intended to protect the wearer, but to help prevent the wearer from spreading the virus to others if they are an unknown asymptomatic carrier.   Infection Control Today.  May 27, 2020.  https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/why-public-should-wear-masks-during-covid-19-pandemic 
  
15.  When COVID-19 Knocks on Nursing Homes’ Doors, Systemic Problems Welcome It.
"Despite nursing homes becoming a nidus of multi-drug resistant organisms (MDROs), the regulations for staffing infection preventionists (IPs) at nursing homes are far too lax. Nursing homes should have a full-time IP. Presently the regulations only specify a part-time IP without a specific required time commitment. In view of the large number of nursing home residents and the high drug-resistant carriage rate, a full-time position is certainly needed."  Infection Control Today.  May 7, 2020.
https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/when-covid-19-knocks-nursing-homes-doors-systemic-problems-welcome-it    
  
14.  Viewpoint: COVID-19 Modeling: Lies, Damn Lies and Statistics.
"
We have now received our fourth projection on deaths. I'm not sure if it will be right or wrong, but the others have proven to not be correct, so I'm not hopeful for this one. That is actually good news because the last projection doubles the number of expected deaths to 134,475 by Aug 4, 2020."   Infection Control Today.  May 6, 2020.   https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/
viewpoint-covid-19-modeling-lies-damn-lies-and-statistics 
   
13.  Viewpoint: Have You Heard About the Herd? It’s a COVID-19 Fallacy.

"Strategies of social distancing, not gathering in large crowds, wearing masks and protecting those at increased risk are required to manage this epidemic. Returning to life as usual with the dependence on herd immunity in a non-vaccinated population to control spread is almost certainly a false narrative."  Infection Control Today.  April 29, 2020.  https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/viewpoint-have-you-heard-about-herd-its-covid-19-fallacy  
 
12.  Kevin Kavanagh & Lindsay Calderon. Lessons of the Hydroxychloroquine Debacle: Solid COVID-19 Research Matters.
"In the new reality of making decisions with limited and incomplete data, it is important that decision makers and scientists are free from biases.  Biases can be financial and even geopolitical pressure created by the huge trade war and divisive rhetoric between the United States and China. In a time of great national fear and stress, we must be careful in both reporting and interpreting messaging, including the results of unconfirmed research. Let’s not repeat the mistakes of HCQ for unproven benefits, since these are powerful drugs which may also cause harm."
Infection Control Today.  April 26, 2020. https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/lessons-hydroxychloroquine-debacle-solid-covid-19-research-matters   
    
11 .   Viewpoint: CDC's Changing Guidance Underscores How COVID-19 Keeps Winning.
"Needless to say, additional PPE is desperately needed, hopefully both increased manufacturing and sterilization techniques will relieve the shortage. In addition, the strategy adopted by New York State to designate some facilities to exclusively treat COVID-19 patients and others for non-COVID-19 patients to help improve patient safety should be adopted in other areas of the nation.   We must make protecting our frontline healthcare workers and patients a priority. Rapid testing will go a long way in assuring the safety of patients by identifying asymptomatic carriers in healthcare workers and staff."  Infection Control Today.  April 15, 2020. https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/viewpoint-cdcs-changing-guidance-underscores-how-covid-19-keeps-winning   

  
10.  Viewpoint: As COVID-19 Spreads, Where's All the Money Hospitals Have Made?
"There is no excuse for running a system which is lean on hospital rooms, supplies and staff. Net-profits and assets are desirable, but not at the expense of public safety. Hospital staff are being asked to see patients under draconian conditions and at the same time they do not have an adequate economic and healthcare safety net. Healthcare workers do not need paid sick leave, they need adequate PPE and worker's compensation benefits, if they become infected. IPs are placing both themselves and their families' lives at grave risk under the crisis management CDC infectious disease recommendations. That is the very least we can do for them."   Infection Control Today(redacted version).  April 10, 2020:  https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/viewpoint-covid-19-spreads-where%E2%80%99s-all-money-hospitals-have-made       

9.  Authorities are split on what to do if a person is already on ACE Inhibitors and ARBs
Many in the United States have advocated to stay the course, until more information is known.  Switching medications may be difficult at best.  At the least, until this controversy can be resolved, if you are on one of these medications one should perform strict social distancing and protect yourself from contracting COVID-19.  Staying safe at home is best and follow strict recommendations when contacting the public.   Infection Control Today.  April 7, 2020.   https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/viewpoint-what-do-about-ace-inhibitors-during-covid-19-pandemic    
  
Health Watch USAsm Summary of Recommendations Regarding ACE Inhibitors and ARBs with COVID-19.
 
8.  Churches Could be the Deadliest Places in the COVID-19 Pandemic.  
One may ask: Why am I calling out churches? The answer is asymptomatic spread and aerosolization of the virus from singing.   Infection Control Today.  April 3, 2020.   https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/churches-could-be-deadliest-places-covid-19-pandemic   
   
7.  As COVID-19 Knocks on Nursing Homes' Doors, Full-Time Infection Preventionists Needed More Than Ever. "Despite nursing homes becoming a nidus of multi-drug resistant organisms (MDROs), the regulations for staffing infection preventionists (IPs) at nursing homes are far too lax. Nursing homes should have a full-time IP. Presently the regulations only specify a part-time IP without a specific required time commitment. In view of the large number of nursing home residents and the high drug-resistant carriage rate, a full time position is certainly needed." Infection Control Today. March 27, 2020.  Download PDF of Article  
  
6.  Evidence Continues to Link ACE Inhibitors to Severe COVID-19 Symptoms
There is mounting consensus that ACE inhibitors may be a primary driver of the severe symptoms. The concerns were originally raised in the Lancet. ACE inhibitors up regulate (increase) the ACE2 receptor. This is the receptor the COVID-19 virus uses to attack the lungs.  Infection Control Today.  March 26, 2020.   https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/evidence-continues-link-ace-inhibitors-severe-covid-19-symptoms    
  
Health Watch USAsm Summary of Recommendations Regarding ACE Inhibitors and ARBs with COVID-19.
        
5.  COVID-19: We'll Know We've Won the War Against COVID-19 When...
"Judging when we have won the war against the coronavirus is not simple. The good news is that we have the technology and know-how to confront and substantially mitigate these epidemics. What we have lacked is the willpower to implement this knowledge. If we are unable to rapidly transform our system and correct these flagrant deficiencies, then the worse projections from the Imperial College projections of 2.2 million United States citizen fatalities may come to pass" Infection Control Today. Mar. 20, 2020 (Online). https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/well-know-weve-won-war-against-covid-19-when      
   
4. COVID-19: IPs, Other Healthcare Workers at Greater Jeopardy Than Thought.
"Of extreme concern, of the 3711 Diamond Princess cruise ship passengers, 634 tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 (the virus which causes COVID-19) and of these 17.9% were asymptomatic and presumably could spread the virus." Infection Control Today. Mar. 17, 2020 (Online). https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/covid-19-ips-other-healthcare-workers-greater-jeopardy-thought   
  
3. Viewpoint: US Woefully Unprepared for COVID-19 Pandemic.
"A news commentator made the alarmist statement that we may get to the point where the national guard is escorting patients to a high school gym for placement on ventilators. This is of course a ridiculously misinformed statement since we do not have enough ventilators."
Infection Control Today. Mar. 11, 2020 (Online). https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/viewpoint-us-woefully-unprepared-covid-19-pandemic  
  
2. We’re Losing the Fight Against COVID-19 So Far.
"We seem to be at risk of entering into a blame game and "politicizing" the problems. Our response to this contagion shows severe flaws in our healthcare delivery system. As one government official stated, "We have for whatever reason and there are many good ones, designed a system based on very lean staffing practices based on just-in-time supply chains and purchasing." Infection Control Today. Mar. 9, 2020 (Online). https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/viewpoint-were-losing-fight-against-covid-19-so-far     
 
1. Infection Preventionists, Hospital Administrators Will Be on Frontlines of Coming COVID-19 Epidemic. "Preparation for the impending epidemic of the COVID-19 coronavirus is of utmost importance and will place a tremendous strain on our healthcare system that will require coordination between the IPs, administrators and the hospital's board. This impending epidemic underscores the importance of the work that the CDC is undertaking by using surveillance and quarantine strategies to delay entry and slow the spread of this pathogen." Infection Control Today. Feb. 27, 2020. https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/infection-preventionists-hospital-administrators-will-be-frontlines-coming-covid-19-epidemic  
       
Radio Segments   Back To COVID-19 Home Page
       

80.  2020, July  31:  COVID-19: New Studies, Hydroxychloroquine Does Not Work & Infrastructure Needed To Open Schools
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the safety of medical care in the 2019 novel coronavirus pandemic along with new studies showing the mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine which explains why it works in the lab but does not work in live humans. In addition, infrastructure changes in restaurants and schools are needed to modify buildings to make them safer during the COVID-19 pandemic. And finally, should we be wearing goggles? Jack Pattie Show. WVLK AM 590. (14:32)   https://youtu.be/EwXl-CIbvKs   
 
79.  2020, July 30:  COVID-19:  Opening Schools.
Governor Michael Dukakis, Dr. Kevin Kavanagh, Melissa Tomlinson, David Palelogous discuss the complexities of opening schools.   The need to lower community infection rates and modification of a school's infrastructure are of utmost importance.  Concerns exist over the safety of teachers along with that of parents as new research shows risks of infections from children.   Jeff Santos Show. 
https://soundcloud.com/ron-crider/73020-hr-3-gov-dukakis-dr-kavanaugh-melissa-tomlinson-david-palelogous 
https://soundcloud.com/ron-crider/73020-hr-3-gov-dukakis-dr-kavanaugh-melissa-tomlinson-david-palelogous-1 
   
78.  2020, July 29:  COVID-19: Infections Associated With Face Shields, Shortages of Tests and HCQ Misinformation.
Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the testing shortage and the need for the ability to run laboratory developed tests (LDTs). The misinformation regarding hydroxychloroquine which is flooding social media was also discussed. Finally, the Swiss Government has issued a warning regarding the use of face shields after an outbreak in a hotel which only affected workers wearing a face shield and not those wearing masks. Jack Pattie Show.  (5:57)  https://youtu.be/wFGkBEbJeEc 
 
77.  2020, July 27:  COVID-19: Churches, Bars, Schools & Mandates
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the rising rates in Kentucky and if one closes churches (which has already been done), then bars should also be closed, and makes the case that Mandates have a greater impact on the public than Recommendations. The public needs to follow public health advice and wear masks, socially distance and wash their hands.  Jack Pattie Show. WVLK AM 590. https://youtu.be/KEGLPmnNhy8   
 
76.  2020, July 24:  COVID-19: The Great School Debate
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the great school debate and recent CDC guidance. Parent and guardian involvement is of utmost important. In addition, new messaging from President Trump, calling the wearing of masks patriotic, warning the pandemic will get worse before it gets better and the canceling of the Republican Convention in Jacksonville, Florida, clearly paints the pandemic as a very serious situation. Jack Pattie Show.  (12:36).  https://youtu.be/qdI8PK3yq8A
 
75.  2020, July 22:  COVID-19: Experience With Having A Surgical Procedure - Is it Safe?
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses new data on the infectivity of school children, the lasting and wide spectrum of effects of this virus and the growing consensus on wearing masks to stop the surging epidemic. In addition, he describes his recent outpatient surgery and the precautions which were taken along with the importance of not having the healthcare system overrun with COVID-19 patients. Jack Patties Show. WVLK AM 590. July 22, 2020. (5:45) https://youtu.be/4VWrH604B9g   
 
74.  2020, July 20:  COVID-19: Is It As Bad As They Say? Are The Numbers Accurate?
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the severity of the novel coronavirus epidemic and the need for national leadership with standardization of case definitions and reporting. The public needs to follow public health guidance and this guidance will change as we gain more knowledge. School openings are problematic with spiking cases and recent data from South Korea sheds doubt on the safety of opening schools. Vaccines are coming online and so far they look promising. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK AM 590.  (30:28)  https://youtu.be/b-LTDzaGmxQ  
    
73.  2020, July 20: COVID-19: What is it like to Get a Test, Should We Reopen Schools.
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USA(sm) discusses the problem of not funding testing and case tracking along with concerns regarding bypassing the CDC on COVID-19 data. In addition, new information from South Korea on the interactivity of young children is discussed and how this impacts plans for school reopenings. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK AM 590. (11:19)   https://youtu.be/g8f92uShV-Y  
    
72.  2020, July 17:  COVID-19: Why Doesn't The USA Follow Public Health Advice
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses why changing guidance which occurred as we gained more knowledge about COVID-19 is being used to foster mistrust regarding scientists and public health experts in the United States. Europe accepted changes in guidance and crushed the curve. Many in the United States used this as an excuse to ignore advice. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK AM 590. (5:53)  https://youtu.be/dVDXdIxjat0  
  
71.   2020, July 16: COVID-19: Spiking Cases and School Openings
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the spiking cases in the Southern United States and the current discussion on whether or not to reopen classroom teaching. Jeff Santos Show. (21:54)  https://youtu.be/eo8j1Rf2pCI
   
70.  2020, July 10:  COVID-19: Opening of Kentucky Schools, the Need to Wear Masks
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses school openings in Kentucky along with the need to wear masks and for individuals to do this not for themselves but for others. Finally, we need to work together and need a national coordinated strategies. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK AM 590. (8:13)   https://youtu.be/L5HTRknF-Js 
 
69.  2020, July 10. COVID-19: Transforming Kentucky's Economy, Safely Opening Schools and The Importance of Masks.
Kevin Kavanagh, MD from Health Watch USAsm discusses the importance of wearing masks along with suggestions for school openings and how COVID-19 is going to transform our economy. Jack Pattie Show with Scott Johnson. WVLK AM 590.  https://youtu.be/uSNuYA_5BbU  
 
 68.  2020, July 9:  COVID-19: Mixed Messaging and Skyrocketing Rates in the United States
Kevin Kavanagh, MD and Christine Pontus, RN discuss COVID-19 rising rates in the United States and the importance of having an appropriate infrastructure and a national strategy. Jeff Santos Show.  https://youtu.be/-0hqKJksQuo
  
67.  2020, July 8:  COVID-19 Cases Are Rising and Waning Hopes for Herd Immunity
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the rising rates of COVID-19 in Kentucky and how the public is not following public health guidance. New data from Spain found only 5% of the population has antibodies to COVID-19, shedding doubt on the prospects of herd immunity. Spain's results supports observations in Sweden and California. Jack Pattie Show with Scott Johnson. WVLK AM 590. (6:00)
https://youtu.be/X4uCazlTZMI
 
66.  2020, July 6:  COVID-19: Mixed Messaging and Overrun Healthcare System
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses problems with the country being divided. We need consistent messaging. The United States had many warnings before this epidemic occurred and we ignored them all. Those who are hospitalized may have long lasting medical problems. Jack Pattie Show with Scott Johnson. WVLK AM 590. (8:39) https://youtu.be/8DHsDkl6qTo
  
 65.  2020, July 3:  COVID-19: Retort to a Coronavirus Denier & Hopes for a Vaccine
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh From Health Watch USAsm disagrees with a caller who feels herd immunity can be achieved and COVID-19 is no more deadly in the elderly than the flu. In addition, the new Pfizer's vaccine is discussed along with how to keep safer during the Fourth of July. The suggestion of applying pool testing to family cohorts for both nursing homes and schools is discussed. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK AM 590. (13:32)   https://youtu.be/hnJld6ClAUY  
 
64.  2020, July 2, COVID-19:  COVID-19 Denial of Severity and The Fourth of July
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh, from Health Watch USAsm discusses the risks of not taking the coronavirus seriously and being cavalier during fourth of July Celebrations. In addition, States are rolling back opening and some States are reclosing indoor dining and bars. Jeff Santos Show. (22:27)  https://youtu.be/-9Mfcvf0LUM  
    
63.  2020, July 1, COVID-19: Top Republicans Now Saying -- Wear Masks
Dr. Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the alarming projections of new cases for COVID-19 and the new N1H1 virus circulating in China. The recent Senate hearing (June 30) was discussed with the Committee Chairman, Lamar Alexander, asking the President to wear a mask, creating hopes of uniform messaging from our leaders. Cases are too high for contact tracing to be effective and maybe Kentucky should preemptively, similar to New Jersey, dial back their openings. Jack Pattie Show.(9:02)  https://youtu.be/ZnT_yRJR9gc     
 
62.  2020, June 29, COVID-19: Pool Testing To Open Nursing Homes & Defective Antibody Tests
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses using pool testing for detecting the COVID-19 virus in family units of nursing home visitors. In addition, the problems and history of antibody tests were also discussed. Wearing masks is very important to prevent the spread of this virus. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK 590 AM. (6:54)  https://youtu.be/yMYw-7SwqWU  
 
61.  2020, June 26, COVID-19: Immunity May Be Low in Asymptomatic Carriers
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses spiking rates in Texas, Arizona, Florida and California along with the CDC projections of a large number of asymptomatic carriers. Two new studies have found disturbingly low neutralizing antibodies in asymptomatic carriers which raises concerns of lasting immunity. All of this underscores the need for wearing masks, social distancing, and hand washing. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK AM 590. (13:55)
https://youtu.be/2EfMEvAKAKw  
 
60.  2020, June 25, COVID-19: Spiking Cases and a Need for A Coordinated Response
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the spiking cases in the Southern States and the lack of a coordinated federal response. The mixed messaging is compounded by misinformation initiatives on social media spurred by adversarial governments. Death rates are falling because of better treatment in the ICU using dexamethasone, plasma, remdesivir and anticoagulation but we are finding out that those that survive a severe episode, may well have disabling medical conditions post discharge from the hospital. Jeff Santos Show.  (21:59) https://youtu.be/fwhQKhHYl4c  
 
59.  2020, June 24, COVID-19: Rates in Southern States are Skyrocketing as Governors Take Action
Dr Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the skyrocketing rates in southern States with hospitalizations rising in Texas, California, Florida, Arizona, South Carolina and Tennessee to the highest levels since the pandemic began. Total cases per day in the United States are the highest recorded, 35,000. The European Union has a greater population than the United States and has only 4,000 cases per day. The EU is now considering a travel ban of United States citizens. Jack Pattie Show. (6:23).  https://youtu.be/yw_Hiz3DgWY  
 
58.  2020, June 22, COVID-19:  COVID-19: Increased Testing is NOT the Cause of Spiking Coronavirus Cases
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses he spiking COVID-19 virus infection rates in the Southern United States and how this is not related to increase testing. Increase testing should lower rates though case identification and isolation. This spike is being driven by younger individuals who although they may not be as likely to die of the infection can become very sick with lasting disability. In addition, they can spread this infection to their parents and grandparents. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK 590 AM. (4:42)
https://youtu.be/aF0XihAkQs8
 
57.  2020, June 19,  COVID-19:  COVID-19 - Angry Coronavirus Denier, Antibody Dependent Enhancement & the Dangers of Indoor Rallies
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the necessity to wear masks and the dangers of indoor rallies. In addition, there are doubts of lasting immunity and mounting evidence that the virus has a profound effect on the body's immunity. This may set the stage for reinfections and antibody dependent enhancement. In addition, a response was given to a coronavirus denier, an example how mixed messaging is causing social turmoil.  Jack Pattie Show. (13:16) https://youtu.be/hOVEELzqWrI  
 
56.  2020, June 18, COVID-19:  The Southern States Spiking, Masks not Being Used and New Treatments in the Pipeline
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the need for wearing masks and the lack of central consistent messaging. CONVID-19 is spiking in the Southern States. Oklahoma is seeing a major spike and an indoor political rally is planned in 2 days. New treatments consisting of vaccines, dexamethasone and an antibody infusion are in the pipeline. Jeff Santos Show.  https://youtu.be/0UY79KP6T2U
 
55.  2020, June 17, COVID-19:  Treatments That Work and Those That Do Not
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses new studies which show benefits of dexamethasone on COVID019 patients who require respiratory support along with a failed randomized control trial using hydroxychloroquine. In addition the new antibody serum developed by Eli Lilly is entering Phase III Clinical Trials and it should be available by late September. Finally, the AIM review paper on asymptomatic spread found 40 to 45% of infected patients may spread the virus without knowing they even have it. The importance of this with the upcoming Tulsa, OK political rally is stressed along with advising this may become a supra-spreader event. Jack Pattie Show.  (6:48) https://youtu.be/wyM9v9Vad6U
 
54.  2020, June 15, COVID-19:  Underestimation of COVID-19 Deaths.
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm explains how historical death rates indicate that the COVID-19 deaths may be greatly underestimated. In Kentucky, there may be almost 1200 total deaths as opposed to 500. In addition, the importance of wearing masks and social distancing to stop asymptomatic spread and controlling the epidemic is stressed; along with the need for universal healthcare coverage and better social support. Jack Pattie Show (5:38).  https://youtu.be/0G_TYHg7NR8 
 
53.  2020, June 12, COVID-19: Increasing Rates of Infections & The Importance of Wearing Masks
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm, discusses the implications of the lack of transmission to any of the 140 clients of the COVID-19 virus positive hairdressers; and what that means for the efficacy of the public wearing masks. He also discusses large gatherings, restaurants and funerals; along with the new antibody therapy being developed by Eli Lilly which should be available in September. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK 590 AM. (15:21)  https://youtu.be/1a6yQl7nRlg 
   
52.  2020, June 8. COVID-19: WHO Recommends The Public Wear Masks
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the current WHO guidance for the public to wear cloth masks, and those at high risk and over the age of 60 to wear N-95 masks. In addition, some studies are showing lower than expected antibody levels in the community which places more importance for everyone to wear masks and practice social distancing. Modeling studies have predicted that masks and social distancing alone may burn out the epidemic. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK 590. (6:60)  https://youtu.be/CB-cq7d-cjg   
  
51.  2020, June 5. COVID-19: Bad Research & False Information on The Internet
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh form Health Watch USAsm discusses the recent retraction of a hydroxychlorquine article and the internet bots which spread false information to the public. Jack Pattie Show with Scott Johnson. WVLK 590.  (16:04).  https://youtu.be/NbKtRUVeamo  
   
50.  2020, June 4. COVID-19: Demonstrations and Public Safety
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm and Christine Pontus from the Massachusetts Nurses Association discuss the dangers of viral spread in demonstrations and suggestions on how to keep the public safe. The need for PPE and the importance of testing is stressed. Jeff Santos Show.  (22:43)
https://youtu.be/G81qrenx598 
  
49.  2020, June 3. COVID-19: Protests and Raising Death Rates
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the recent protests and the raising death rates which are starting to occur in Kentucky and the United States. Scott Johnson - Jack Pattie Show. WVLK 590 (8:14)  https://youtu.be/PT9buegLwwE  
 
48.  2020, June 1.   COVID-19: Social Inequities & Lasting Effects of This Infection
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the George Floyd Demonstration and the social inequities which exist in our society, including living conditions which prevent social distancing, lack of food and resources and working conditions which can be made safer. In addition, the long term effects of the COVID-19 virus (post COVID disability) is also discussed. Jack Pattie Show with Scott Johnson. WVLK. (5:51).  https://youtu.be/48Sqdec47xU  
  
47.  2020, May 29.  COVID-19: Changing Guidance and Ever Changing Statistics.
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the changing guidance which is being given, along with discussions regarding concerns with the statistical analysis of the effects of this epidemic, specifically asymptomatic carriers. Jack Pattie Show -- WVLK AM. (16:27)  Jack Pattie Show.  https://youtu.be/ph1iJlKZu_k
 
46.  2020, May 27.  COVID-19: Memorial Day Weekend in Kentucky
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses memorial day opening in Kentucky, tips for eating out and the importance of wearing a mask and social distancing. Jack Pattie Show. (7:10)  https://youtu.be/eW5RW9rlcoE 
   
45.  2020, May 26.  COVID-19: Memorial Day Opening and Kentucky Reprehensible Demonstrations
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses safety tips when one goes to restaurants, the future of sporting events and the reprehensible demonstrations which occurred over the memorial day weekend. Jeff Santos Show. (21:10)  https://youtu.be/zS_6ek-8skc
 
44.  2020, May 22.  COVID-19: Kentucky's Reopening of the Economy
Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the reopening of the economy, the need for continued cleaning of goods along the with need to wear masks and return to work safety. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK AM. (14:40). https://youtu.be/D6Tfn78rNFA 
 
43.  2020, May 21.  COVID-19: Two MNA Nurses have Died, More PPE is needed
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm and Christine Pontus from the Massachusetts Nurses Association discuss the tragic loss of two MNA nurses from COVID-19. The lack of adequate PPE, the need for more testing is discussed. Also, the opening of restaurants and the possibility of worsening the epidemic was discussed. Jeff Santos Show. (22:38). https://youtu.be/_V0sA5Go-Z0
 
42. 2020, May 20.  COVID-19: Immunity -- Soap & Water is Best
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses new evidence which supports immunity and the CDC's finding that person to person spread is the most common means of contracting COVID-19. Soap and water is best to clean with. In addition, western rural Kentucky has the highest infection rate with Warren County having the second highest number of infections in Kentucky. Jack Pattie Show.
https://youtu.be/gABvw3-uOPc
 
41.  2020, May 18.  COVID-19: Kentucky's Mask Controversy.
Dr Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the need for wearing masks to combat the COVID-19 epidemic along with the controversy which is taking place in Kentucky. The Jack Pattie Show. WVLK AM 590 (8:43)   https://youtu.be/iA4Roa82iLA
  
40.  2020, May 15.  COVID-19: Visiting a Doctor's Office.
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh, MD, from Health Watch USAsm  discusses his experience and precautions taken during his visit to a doctor's office. In addition, the importance of wearing a mask was discussed and how to safely reopen the economy. Finally, COVID-19 testing was discussed and the development of immunity. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK AM. (14:52) https://youtu.be/1KbEL_aNJqU
  
39.  2020, May 14.  COVID-19 Should the Public Wear Masks. 
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses whether the public should wear cotton masks and tells his experience of seeing a doctor for removal of a skin cancer during the COVID-19 pandemic. Jeff Santos Show. (22:42)  https://youtu.be/aUtke4iuO9M
   
38.  2020, May 13.  COVID-19 Reopening the Economy -- A short discussion 
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the reopening of the economy. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK AM. (5:33) https://youtu.be/nh_ky2nqpmg  
   
37.  2020, May 11.  COVID-19 Invading the White House, Opening the Economy
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses national security concerns created with the coronavirus invading the White House. Concerns over safely opening the economy are also discussed along with the false narrative of herd immunity. Jack Pattie Show (7:54)  https://youtu.be/Z6NLEup9DNY 
  
36.  2020, May 8.  COVID-19. The Public Needs Testing Availability As The White House & The False Narrative of Herd Immunity.
Kevin Kavanagh, MD, from Health Watch USAsm discusses herd immunity and how the infectivity and immune response to the virus makes this an unrealistic strategy. This is further complicated by the emergence of a new strain 614G on the East Coast. Jack Pattie Show with Scott Johnson. WVLK 590. (14:40)  https://youtu.be/AVpE6onrMTU
  
35.  2020, May 7.  The Missing CDC Guidelines on Reopening the Economy - COVID-19
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh, MD, from Health Watch USAsm discusses roadblocks and what is needed to reopen the economy and the 17 page missing CDC report needs to be released and used as a national template. Jeff Santos Show. (22:13)  https://youtu.be/gB0f93DmTUA
  

34. 2020, May 6.  COVID-19: New Strain Faster & Meaner -- What We Need to Do.  Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USA(sm) discusses the reports of the new strain of the COVID-19 virus. This virus has been found to be more infectious and produces an increased viral load in the cell. The attachment spike has been mutated and this may cause those who were immune to the previous version to be susceptible to this one. Herd immunity does not appear to be an option. In addition, vaccines need to be modified to increase their effectiveness against this strain. WVLK 590 AM with Scott Johnson. (5:31)  https://youtu.be/lp9mi09dYFg  
 
33. 2020, May 4.  COVID-19: Importance of Masks & Hopes for Vaccines. 
Kevin Kavanagh, MD, discusses the importance of masks and new hopes for a vaccine, along with strategies to speed up the process. Scott Johnson, WVLK 590 AM.  (6:48)  https://youtu.be/JCISiR4Amvc  
 
32. 2020, May 1.  Open or Not Open Our Economy - Is COVID-19 Herd Immunity a False Narrative ?
Kevin Kavanagh, MD, from Health Watch USAsup>sm, discusses the COVID-19 experience in Sweden vs. Finland and if the United States should open their economy, stressing the importance of worker safety and patrons wearing masks. Problems with herd immunity are also discussed along with the fast tracking of vaccines. Jack Pattie Show. (15:31)  https://youtu.be/I__VsLXZ-XM
 
31. 2020, Apr. 30.  COVID-19: The Effects of Climate, Air Pollution on Infection Rates & Workers' Safety.  Kevin Kavanagh, MD from Health Watch USAsm discusses the success of controlling COVID-19 in Taiwan and South Korea along with the effects of climate and air pollution. Finally, healthcare workers' safety, compensation and an economic and healthcare safety net for the worker and their family is discussed. Jeff Santos Show. (21:35)  https://youtu.be/qSm4siZ3q6g  
 
30. 2020, Apr. 29. False COVID-19 Narratives from Elected Official's?   Kevin Kavanagh, MD from Health Watch USAsm responds to the false narratives of elected officials. Issues of piecemeal opening in states, infection rates and dangers of COVID-19 along with the use of mask by both employees and employers in retail establishments. The importance of officials wearing viral filtering masks in hospitals was also emphasized. Jack Pattie Show. (9:43) https://youtu.be/IFXjVkPfNwA     
 
29. 2020,
Apr. 27.  COVID-19: Opening the Economy & Hydroxychloroquine. 
Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm, discusses the opening of the economy in the COVID-19 epidemic, that the number of cases may be improving and the dangers of hydroxychloroquine. Jack Pattie Show. (6:31) https://youtu.be/jsNhpbRjr10
    
28. 2020, Apr. 24. The Coronavirus (COVIR-19) In the United States - Updates.   Dr. Kevin Kavanagh, MD, discusses the various tests to diagnosis COVID-19 and when an antibody versus a viral test will be useful. In addition, the problem of false positives and negatives and test reliability are discussed. Jack Pattie Show.  (16:26)  https://youtu.be/kNyA-9Ua6QM
   
27. 2020, Apr. 23.  The Coronavirus (COVIR-19) In the United States - Updates.   Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discuss the dire consequences of states opening their economy too early and controlling COVID-19. Along with the need for a strong and consistent federal message. Food safety and keeping our food supply chain functional is also discussed, including healthcare for migrant workers who harvest a large portion of the food and preservation of the family farm.  Jeff Santos Show. (22:21) https://youtu.be/7dMKRGz3kdc 
   
26. 2020, Apr. 22.  The Coronavirus (COVIR-19) In the United States - Updates.  Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the problems created by some state governors not following White House Guidance, the possibility of a second bigger wave of infection and disappointing research results of hydroxychloroquine.  Jack Pattie Show. (7:06)  https://youtu.be/0E-NZZ0xHKc 
   
25. 2020, Apr. 20.  New Requirements to Open Our Economy, How long will This Last? 
Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the new requirements to open up the economy, the need for more testing and that this virus will probably be with us until we have a vaccine. Jack Pattie Show. WVLK 590. (8:14)   https://youtu.be/jBkN4i6g9W4
      
24. 2020, Apr. 17.  Opening the Economy & COVIR-19's Effect on the Food Chain  
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh discusses when to reopen the economy and COVIR-19's effect on the food chain. Jack Pattie Radio Show. WVLK 590 AM. (16:02)   https://youtu.be/ZzUJimuU0P0
   
23. 2020, Apr. 16.  COVID-19 Governor's Coalition & Universal Healthcare. 
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the importance of a national strategy, the regional coalitions formed by our nation's governors; and not running a lean healthcare system with small stockpiles of PPE and lack of redundancy of healthcare workers. In addition, comparisons of the performance of different countries in controlling COVID-19 is discussed in its relationship to universal healthcare. Jeff Santos Show. (22:38) https://youtu.be/c88fKXUDvPo
     
22. 2020, Apr. 15.  Defunding the WHO and Safety of Our Food Chain with COVID-19.
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the United States' defunding of the World Health Organization, along with food safety with COVID-19. In addition, insights into when to open the economy and if primaries should be held in Kentucky were given. Jack Pattie Show - WVLK 590 AM. (7:04)  https://youtu.be/Lq9eYt_5w2k 
    
21. 2020, Apr. 13.  Dismissal of Dr. Fauci ? When To Open Economy.
 Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the impact of threatening to fire Dr. Anthony  Fauci and when we should open the economy. In addition, the disappointment of churches which did not cancel Easter Services and some of our leaders whom seem to support holding services. Jack Pattie Show. (8:12)  https://youtu.be/5bJy7AVNVJA 
 
20. 2020, Apr. 10.  The COVID-19 Danger of Church Services & Reopening the Economy Too Early. /em>
Kevin Kavanagh, MD, from Health Watch USAsm discuses the risks of COVID-19 going to church services and reopening of the economy too early. Tips on how to stay safe, wearing masks at grocery stores and and preferentially having groceries delivered. In addition, once we are over the peak of the curve, it needs to be remembered that the down slope was created by social distancing and if we go back to normal without an increase in testing or a vaccine, then a second wave may occur. Jack Pattie Show. (10:41)  https://youtu.be/dsZXV-lbCKY
  
19. 2020, Apr. 9.  COVID-19 Socioeconomic Disparities & When to Open the Economy.
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses how socioeconomic disparities from homelessness, lack of healthcare access and poor funding of front line hospitals causes increase in fatality rates in disadvantaged populations. In addition, the case is made for a more coordinated federal response and better prioritization of resources which maximize patient and front-line workers safety (healthcare workers, food handlers and delivery services). Jeff Santos Show. (21:51) https://youtu.be/ZP9BFSW0XjE
  
18. 2020, Apr. 8. The Coronavirus (COVIR-19) In the United States - Updates.   
Kevin Kavanagh,MD from Health Watch US discusses healthcare worker safety and the need for more PPE along with the red tap and legal issues which prevents workers from wearing their own. Workers do not need paid sick leave but workers' compensation benefits. A strong coordinated federal response is needed with a well defined exit strategy with goals centered on PPE and rapid testing availability. Jack Pattie Show. (5:00)  https://youtu.be/nN25pIFdRng
 
17. 2020, Apr. 6. COVID-19 Asymptomatic Spread and the Dangers of Churches.   
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the extensive pandemic preparedness enacted by President George Bush and then neglected. In addition, asymmetric spread of the COVID-19 virus was discussed along with the need for retailers to require patrons to use a DIY mask and food handlers to use protective gear. Jack Pattie show. (5:20) https://youtu.be/XbhwTYh3RGY
   
16. 2020, Apr. 3.  Are Churches & Singing a Major Risk Factor for Spread? 
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses asymptomatic spread and the unacceptable risks in-church services and singing pose on the spread of the COVID-19 virus. Jack Pattie Radio Show WVLK AM.  (15:25) https://youtu.be/z9xpRku7kaE
 
15. 2020, Apr. 2. The Coronavirus (COVIR-19) In the United States - Updates.  
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm talks about the Importance of the public wearing DIY masks & federal coordination. Jeff Santos Show.  (18:36) https://youtu.be/jyZD4qEvOdM  
 
14. 2020, Apr. 1.  New Estimates of COVID-19 Spread and Fatalities - Discussion of Public Mask Use.
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses that new estimates shows if maximum social distancing and stay at home orders are followed nationwide that a minimum of 100,000 to 240,000 deaths may occur. All states need to enact stay at home policies.  The controversial policy of citizens using masks is also discussed. Jack Pattie Show.  (8:24) https://youtu.be/FrRbOEflKqM
  
13. 2020, Mar. 30.  COVID-19 Masks, Gloves & Ventilators.
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses masks, gloves and ventilator shortage along with the non-coordinated, inadequate federal response. Also, discussed is social distancing both the importance and its extension until the end of April.  Jack Pattie Show WVLK AM. (12:46)  https://youtu.be/2wKm9eiMQHY
 
12. 2020, Mar. 27.  COVID-19, Social Distancing, Lack of Beds and Kentucky's CON.
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the importance of social distancing and staying at home along with the lack of ventilators and the lack of beds A short discussion was also given regarding Kentucky's antiquated CON law. WVLK AM - Jack Pattie Show. (10:52)  https://youtu.be/DmR8lYdH_rY  
 
11. 2020, Mar. 26.  COVID-19 Symptoms and How to Access Healthcare and Some Precautions to Take.
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh discusses lean staffing, how to avoid social isolation, blood pressure medications, along with symptoms COVID-19 (coronavirus) and how to access medical care. Jeff Santos Show. (22:40) https://youtu.be/yVprVb_icxo
  
10. 2020, Mar. 25 -- COVID-19 - Importance of Social Distancing and Grocery Delivery.
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the importance of social distancing, staying at home, ordering groceries to be delivered, and that there is a consensus developing that the virus can live on some surfaces for up to three days. Jack Pattie Show. (4:04).  https://youtu.be/tGLbCKp5aNk 

9. 2020, Mar. 23 -- Spread of Coronavirus Without Symptoms - Asymptomatic Spread.
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh stresses the importance of staying at home and asymptomatic spread. Senator Rand Paul has the virus and is asymptomatic. Now we have Republican Senators missing one of the most important votes in their careers because they were exposed to asymptomatic carriers. Jack Pattie Show. (4:22)
https://youtu.be/gSxnai_kc34  
 
8. 2020, Mar. 21 -- COVID-19 How To Get Groceries and How to Safely Use gloves. 
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the importance of social distancing during the COVID-19 epidemic and how to safely get groceries and use gloves. In addition the importance of greater CDC funding and engagement was discussed. Jeff Santos Show (15:30). https://youtu.be/vkPWxfq6wTI 

7. 2020, Mar. 19. Coronavirus -- Flatten The Curve - Asymptomatic Spread, Social Distancing and Masks.
Kevin Kavanagh, MD from Health Watch USAsm discusses asymptomatic spread, social distancing and the lack of hospital beds, masks, and test reagents. And the need for N95 masks for the public. Jack Pattie Show. (20:28)  https://youtu.be/li04bjncrTM 

6. 2020, Mar. 16:  The Coronavirus (COVIR-19) In the United States - Updates.  
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the COVID-19 epidemic and the lack of resources, including hospital beds, along with inconsistent messaging and the importance of social distancing. Jeff Santos Show. (08:13) https://youtu.be/cFYhub2m7FU 
 
5. 2020 Mar. 14.  The Coronavirus (COVIR-19) In the United States - Updates.  
Kevin Kavanagh, MD, from Health Watch USAsm gives a short coronavirus (COVID-19) update on the Jack Pattie show. Social distancing is discussed along with how using only a mask may not give adequate protection. Jack Pattie Show. (04:40)

4. 2020, Mar. 12. The Coronavirus (COVIR-19) In the United States - Updates.  
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses COVID-19 virus, how to prevent infections and the short comings and strengths of the United States' Response. (Edited Version containing Dr. Kavanagh's comments). Jeff Santos. (12:05) https://youtu.be/xoUfs04zxdQ 
 
3. 2020, Mar. 9. The Coronavirus (COVIR-19) In the United States - Updates. 
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm gives an update on the status of the coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemic, number of infections and how to best avoid contracting the infection. Jack Pattie Show. (05:42) 

2. 2020, Mar. 3: The Coronavirus (COVIR-19) In the United States - Updates.
Dr. Kevin Kavanagh from Health Watch USAsm discusses the coronavirus COVIR-19. Updated information on transmission, fatality rates and the utility of masks is discussed. In addition, strategies to prevent transmission to individuals are presented. Emphasis is also placed on changes which need to be made by employers and our healthcare system. Jack Pattie Show WVLK AM Download.  YouTube Video. (23:09)  https://youtu.be/lrzNgwzl_44  

1. 2020, Feb. 4: The Coronavirus Pandemic -- Kevin Kavanagh.
The Coronavirus Epidemic, what is known, best ways to prevent acquiring the virus and the current CDC Response. Jack Pattie Radio Show AM 590. YouTube Video. (32:46)   https://youtu.be/nl3ZFtK2f5w 
   

This webpage is for guidance only, always consult your healthcare provider and the CDC Website for information before making decisions relating to the coronavirus.