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30.  School Daze: COVID-19 Spreads Fear, Confusion:
"Opening schools should depend upon low rates of viral spread in the community, widespread testing, rigorous following of public health guidelines, and upgrading the physical infrastructure of our buildings. Our schools are anything but healthy buildings.18 Concerns have existed for decades regarding both the air quality and the crowded conditions our children are exposed to. COVID-19 should be viewed as an opportunity for transformation, allowing us to build a better school system with smaller class sizes for better education and implement strategies to prevent the spread of all infectious diseases"  Infection Control Today Oct 2020. (Page 28)


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2. Coronavirus flare-ups force France to re-close some schools. May 18, 2020. CBS News. Accessed on Aug. 12, 2020 from

3. Ellyatt H. German district sees lockdown return as country tries to suppress regional outbreaks. CNBC. June 23, 2020. Accessed on Aug. 12, 2020 from 
4. Nicholson E. Lessons On Reopening Schools The U.S. Could Learn From Germany, Israel And Thailand. NPR. July 10, 2020. Accessed on Aug. 12, 2020 from 
5. Estrin D. After Reopening Schools, Israel Orders Them To Shut If COVID-19 Cases Are Discovered. NPR. June 3, 2020. Accessed on Aug. 12, 2020 from
6. Strauss V. South Korea closes schools again amid coronavirus spike, days after reopening. Wash. Post. May 30, 2020. Accessed on Aug. 12, 2020 from
7. Levin M. Childhood Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome — A New Challenge in the Pandemic. N Engl J Med. 2020;383(4):393-395. doi: 10.1056/NEJMe2023158.
8. Feldstein LR, Rose EB, Horwitz SM, et al., Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in U.S. Children and Adolescents N Engl J Med. ;383(4):334-346. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2021680.
9. Davies NG, Klepac P, Liu Y, et al. Age-dependent effects in the transmission and control of COVID-19 epidemics. Nat Med. 2020; 26(8):1205-1211. doi: 10.1038/s41591-020-0962-9.

10. Jones TC, et al. An analysis of SARS-CoV-2 viral load by patient age. MedRxiv. June 9, 2020. Accessed on Aug. 12, 2020 from
11. Park YJ, et al. Contact Tracing during Coronavirus Disease Outbreak, South Korea, 2020. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 16;26(10). doi: 10.3201/eid2610.201315. 
12. Claxton G. et al. How Many Teachers Are at Risk of Serious Illness If Infected with Coronavirus? Kaiser Family Fund. July 10, 2020. Accessed on Aug. 12, 2020 from 
13. Anfinrud P, Stadnytskyi V, Bax, CE, Bax A. Visualizing Speech-Generated Oral Fluid Droplets with Laser Light Scattering. N Engl J Med. 2020 May 21;382(21):2061-2063. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc2007800.
14. Hamner L, Dubbel P, Capron I, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020;69(19):606-610. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6919e6.
15. Lu j, Gu J, Xu C, et al. COVID-19 Outbreak Associated with Air Conditioning in Restaurant, Guangzhou, China, 2020. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020;26(7):1628-1631. doi: 10.3201/eid2607.200764..
16. Guo ZD, Wang ZY, Zhang SF, et al. Aerosol and Surface Distribution of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 in Hospital Wards, Wuhan, China, 2020. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020;26(7):1583-1591. doi: 10.3201/eid2607.200885. 

17. Van Doremalen N, Bushmaker T, Morris DH, et al. Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared with SARS-CoV-1. N Engl J Med. 2020 Apr 16;382(16):1564-1567. 

18. Allen JG. Schools For Health. Risk Reduction Strategies for Reopening Schools. Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health. June, 2020. Accessed on Aug. 12, 2020 from.

19. Graham T. Are Our School Buildings Harming Our Students? HuffPost. Oct. 27, 2013. Accessed on Aug. 12, 2020 from

20. Weinschreider C. Rethinking School Spaces and Structures to Maintain Proper Distancing Amid COVID-19 Schoolyard. July 14, 2020. Accessed on Aug. 12, 2020 from

21. Solochek JS. Will schools have enough soap when they reopen? Tampa Bay Times. May 1, 2020. (MSN)

This webpage is for guidance only, always consult your healthcare provider and the CDC Website for information before making decisions relating to the coronavirus.