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Addressing COVID-19 Misinformation: What the Experts Got Right—and Wrong

View OpEd:

1. Paul R. Senator Rand Paul- COVID Deaths & Need to Know Origin of SARS-CoV-2. February 9, 2023, during a United States Foreign Relations Committee Hearing.
2. Kavanagh K. How Soon Is Another Booster Needed? Durability of Vaccine-Induced Immunity. Infectoin Control Today. Feb. 24, 2023.
3. Offit PA. Bivalent Covid-19 Vaccines — A Cautionary Tale. NEJM. Feb. 9, 2023.
4. Kavanagh K. Is the Current Bivalent Booster the Correct One? Studies Suggest it Isn't. Infection Control Today. Nov. 1, 2023.
5. Kavanagh K, Brusselaers N, Cormier L, Is the Rise in RSV Infections Associated With Immune Debt or SARS-CoV-2 Immune Dysfunction? Infection Control Today. Feb. 23, 2023.
6. Bozio CH, Grannis SJ, Naleway AL, et al. Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 Among Adults Hospitalized with COVID-19–Like Illness with Infection-Induced or mRNA Vaccine-Induced SARS-CoV-2 Immunity — Nine States, January–September 2021. MMWR. Nov. 5, 2021.
7. DPhil NB, Ware H, Ma X, et al. The Lancet Infectious Disease. Jan. 18, 2023.
8. Jefferson T, Dooley L, Ferroni E, et al. Physical interventions to interrupt or reduce the spread of respiratory viruses. Cochrane Library. Jan. 30, 2023.
9. Yes, masks reduce the risk of spreading COVID, despite a review saying they don’t. The Conversation. Feb. 6, 2023.
10. Conger K. Surgical masks reduce COVID-19 spread, large-scale study shows. Standord Medicine. Sept. 1, 2021.
11. Cowger TL, Murray EJ, Clarke J, et al. Lifting Universal Masking in Schools — Covid-19 Incidence among Students and Staff. NEJM. Nov. 24, 2023.
12. Morawska L, Milton DK. It Is Time to Address Airborne Transmission of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Clinical Infectious Disease. July 6, 2020.
13. Airborne Transmission of SARS-CoV-2. National Academies of Sciences.
14. Kavanagh. K. Is COVID-19 Primarily a Heart and Vascular Disease? Infection Control Today. Sept 8, 2020.
15. Yasuhara J, Masuda K, Aikaa, et al. Myopericarditis After COVID-19 mRNA Vaccination Among Adolescents and Young Adults - A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Network. Dec. 5, 2022.
16. Patone M, Mei XW, Handunnetthi L, et al. Risk of Myocarditis After Sequential Doses of COVID-19 Vaccine and SARS-CoV-2 Infection by Age and Sex. Circulation. Aug. 22, 2022.
17. COVID-19 subcommittee of the WHO Global Advisory Committee on Vaccine Safety (GACVS): updated statement regarding myocarditis and pericarditis reported with COVID-19 mRNA vaccines. WHO. Oct. 27, 2021.
18. Long COVID. Household Pulse Survey. CDC. Jan. 25, 2023. 

19. Makary M. 10 myths told by COVID experts — and now debunked. Feb. 27, 2023.
20. Prevalence of ongoing symptoms following coronavirus (COVID-19) infection in the UK: 1 June 2022. Office for National Statistics.
21. Steinbuch Y. 12-year-old British girl needs feeding tube as she battles long COVID. New York Post. Jan. 3, 2023.

22. English study finds long COVID affects up to 1 in 7 children months after infection. Reuters. Sept. 1, 2021.
23. Lopez-Leon S, Wegman-Ostrosky T, del Valle NCA, et al. Long-COVID in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analyses. Scientific Reports. June 23, 2022.
24. Park YJ, Choe YJ, Park O, et al. Contact Tracing during Coronavirus Disease Outbreak, South Korea, 2020. Emerging Infectious Diseases. Oct. 2020.
25. Brusselaers N, Steadson D, Bjorklund K, et al. Evaluation of science advice during the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden. Nature. Humanities & Social Sciences Communications. Mar. 22, 2022.
26. Weekly COVID-19 Report - Week 50. Public Health Agency of Sweden. Dec. 18, 2020.
27. Lessler J, Grabowski MK, Grantz kh, et al. Household COVID-19 risk and in-person schooling. Science. Apr. 29, 2021. 

Below is a Table regarding COVID-19 Outbreaks in Sweden in Dec. 2020: Number of outbreaks in environments for the public (Non-Medical) per week. Source: Public Health Agency of Sweden – Report 50 

COVID-19 School Closures in Sweden



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